What is data science?
  1. What is Data Science?
  2. Data Science definition
  3. Why Businesses Need Data Science
  4. Applications of Data Science
  5. Why You Should Build a Career in Data Science? 
  6. Who is a Data Scientist?
  7. What Are The Essential Skills to Become a Data Scientist?

What is Data Science?

Data Science continues to be a hot topic among skilled professionals and organizations that are focusing on collecting data and drawing meaningful insights out of it to aid business growth. A lot of data is an asset to any organization, but only if it is processed efficiently. The need for storage grew multifold when we entered the age of big data. Until 2010, the major focus was towards building a state of the art infrastructure to store this valuable data, that would then be accessed and processed to draw business insights. With frameworks like Hadoop that have taken care of the storage part, the focus has now shifted towards processing this data. Let us see what is data science, and how it fits into the current state of big data and businesses. 

Data Science Definition

Broadly, Data Science can be defined as the study of data, where it comes from, what it represents, and the ways by which it can be transformed into valuable inputs and resources to create business and IT strategies. 

what is data science graphical representation
(Source: datascience@berkeley)

Why businesses need Data Science?

We have come a long way from working with small sets of structured data to large mines of unstructured and semi-structured data coming in from various sources. The traditional Business Intelligence tools fall short when it comes to processing this massive pool of unstructured data. Hence, Data Science comes with more advanced tools to work on large volumes of data coming from different types of sources such as financial logs, multimedia files, marketing forms, sensors and instruments, and text files.

Read Also: Top Job Roles in the World of Data Science for 2020

Mentioned below are relevant use-cases which are also the reasons behind Data Science becoming popular among organizations:

  • Data Science has myriad applications in predictive analytics. In the specific case of weather forecasting, data is collected from satellites, radars, ships, and aircraft to build models that can forecast weather and also predict impending natural calamities with great precision. This helps in taking appropriate measures at the right time and avoid maximum possible damage.
  • Product recommendations have never been this precise with the traditional models drawing insights out of browsing history, purchase history, and basic demographic factors. With data science, vast volumes and variety of data can train models better and more effectively to show more precise recommendations.
  • Data Science also aids in effective decision making. Self-driving or intelligent cars are a classic example. An intelligent vehicle collects data in real-time from its surroundings through different sensors like radars, cameras, and lasers to create a visual (map) of their surroundings. Based on this data and advanced Machine Learning algorithm, it takes crucial driving decisions like turning, stopping, speeding, etc. 

Data Science Applications

What is data science

Why you should build a career in Data Science? 

Now that we have seen why businesses need data science in the above section, let’s see why is data science a lucrative career option through this video:

Who is a Data Scientist?

A data scientist identifies important questions, collects relevant data from various sources, stores and organizes data, decipher useful information, and finally translates it into business solutions and communicate the findings to affect the business positively. 


Apart from building complex quantitative algorithms and synthesizing a large volume of information, the data scientists are also experienced in communication and leadership skills, which are necessary to drive measurable and tangible results to various business stakeholders.

Read Also: Know how to Implement Data Science in Marketing 

If you would ask ‘what are the top five qualities of a good data scientist’? Then the answer is:

  1. Statistical Thinking
  2. Technical Acumen
  3. Multi-modal communication skills
  4. Curious mind
  5. Creativity

If you want to master all of the Statistical Skills related to Data Science, you can go through the below video

What are the essential skills to become a Data Scientist?

Contributed by – Saurabh Singh

Data Science is a field of study which is a confluence of mathematical expertise, strong business acumen, and technology skills. These build the foundation of Data Science and require an in-depth understanding of concepts under each domain. 

These are the skills you need if you want to become a Data Scientist

  1. Mathematical Expertise: There is a misconception that Data Analysis is all about statistics. There is no doubt that both classical statistics and Bayesian statistics are very crucial to Data Science, but other concepts are also crucial such as quantitative techniques and specifically linear algebra, which is the support system for many inferential techniques and machine learning algorithms.
  2. Strong Business Acumen: Data Scientists are the source of deriving useful information that is critical to the business, and are also responsible for sharing this knowledge with the concerned teams and individuals to be applied in business solutions. They are critically positioned to contribute to the business strategy as they have the exposure to data like no one else. Hence, data scientists should have a strong business acumen to be able to fulfil their responsibilities.
  3. Technology Skills: Data Scientists are required to work with complex algorithms and sophisticated tools. They are also expected to code and prototype quick solutions using one or a set of languages from SQL, Python, R, and SAS, and sometimes Java, Scala, Julia and others. Data Scientists should also be able to navigate their way through technical challenges that might arise and avoid any bottlenecks or roadblocks that might occur due to lack of technical soundness.

Other roles in the field of Data Science:

So far, we have understood what is data science, why businesses need data science, who is a data scientist, and what are the critical skill sets that are required to enter the field of data science. Now, let us look at some other data science job roles apart from that of a data scientist:

  1. Data Analyst: This role serves as a bridge between business analysts and data scientists. They work on specific questions and find results by organizing and analyzing the given data. They translate technical analysis to action items and communicate these results to concerned stakeholders. Along with programming and mathematical skills, they also require data wrangling and data visualization skills.
  2. Data Engineer: The role of a data engineer is to manage large amounts of rapidly changing data. They manage data pipelines and infrastructure to transform and transfer data to respective data scientists to work on. They majorly work with Java, Scala, MongoDB, Cassandra DB, and Apache Hadoop. 

Data Science Salary trends across job roles

If you have work experience of fewer than 3 years, do check out Great Learning’s Postgraduate program in Data Science and Engineering. Candidates from the course are able to transition to roles such as business analysts, data analysts, data engineer, analytics engineer etc. by
learning relevant data science techniques, tools and technologies and hands-on application through industry case studies.

For professionals with work experience of more than 3 years, we do have another program –Postgraduate program in Data Science and Business Analytics  by Great Learning in collaboration with The McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin and Great Lakes, India. It is a comprehensive Data Science and Business Analytics Course that covers the latest analytics tools and techniques along with their business applications.

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